In two other posts within this blog I explore the concept of the gender wage gap:
Those posts found that the ‘wage gap’ is an issue that is persistently misrepresented by the feminist lobby, and that differentials in salary are generally reflective of personal choice rather than gender discrimination.
This post explores the notion that there is a flip-side to the ‘wage gap’, that I label the gender ‘expense gap’. This concept is borne from the premise that men/boys incur significant additional expense, in comparison to women, to access or obtain various goods or services and/or to perform the role that western society generally expects of them.
The existence of a gender expense/cost gap is addressed in the media from time to time, but such discussions are limited to the gynocentric meme of a ‘pink tax’. Such articles focus on women paying more for certain retail items such as shavers, fashion, haircuts and sanitary products. The reality of men paying more than women for other goods/services is overlooked. Some examples include:
Tesco cuts price of women’s razors so they cost the same as men’s (2 January 2017) UK
NYC pharmacy introduces ‘man tax’ provoking protests which it labels ‘hate’ (14 October 2016) USA
The Pink Tax (25 August 2016) A video by ‘ShoeOnHead’ (a female MRA)
The ‘tampon tax’ is not a marginal issue – it’s the force of structural sexism at work (25 July 2016) USA
This Is How Much More It Costs To Be A Woman (2 April 2016)
Price discrimination isn’t only about pink razors (6 February 2016) UK
‘Pink tax’ angers women from New York to London (3 February 2016)
CBS News goes undercover to reveal gender price discrimination (25 January 2016)
Pink premium? There are greater problems (24 January 2016)
Britain’s ‘sexist’ high streets: How women are being charged TWICE as much as men for almost identical items (19 January 2016)
Ever heard of the ‘pink tax’? It’s real and cutting into women’s finances in a big way (30 December 2015)
Why you should always buy the men’s version of almost anything (22 December 2015)
So Who Is Responsible For The Gender Cost Gap? (23 December 2015)
Women Pay More for Everything From Birth to Death, Report Finds (23 December 2015)
The Gender Expense Gap is broader and more pervasive than retail pricing alone, encompassing for example:
- Men being required to pay more for a particular product or service than a woman would be required to pay for the same or similar product or service (i.e. gender discriminatory pricing). A broad range of examples can be identified including nightclub entry, membership of online dating sites, and insurance (health, life, auto, etc). Here is one such example.
- Men being expected (via social convention) to meet the full cost of a given expense, e.g. a restaurant meal or a holiday, rather than the relevant expense/s being split 50/50 with their female companion
- Men being forced, by law, to incur certain expenses that would either not be incurred by women, or would only rarely be incurred by them, e.g. payment of alimony or spousal support
- Men being unable to avoid particular expenses (without a penalty being applied), that women in the same circumstances would or could avoid (e.g. in the US, women are less likely to meet their commitments to pay child support, and less likely to be penalised for doing so)
- Men being denied compensation that would, in the case of women, offset costs incurred by them. Consider for example discounts or financial incentives or external funding support denied to men as they are only available to women, e.g. scholarships and educational grants (example), superannuation top-up payments, maternity leave, and rebates or tax reductions for female-owned business start-ups.
How might we also, for example, assign a cost to factors such as workplace deaths (overwhelming affecting men), and health/welfare (on which the government spends a pittance on men/boys relative to women/girls).
This is a challenging task as far as economic analysis goes, but nevertheless ‘nothing ventured, nothing gained’. A related reddit discussion thread can be found here.
Let’s look now at some of the specific factors that might be considered:
Courtship expenses and celebratory days
Men are still generally expected to subsidise most of the costs associated with courtship. Sources addressing the issue of who pays for dates can be found in another blog post here, but here’s an example:
Why women should never go halves on a date (27 November 2014)
Valentine’s Day spend twice as high for men: bank research (13 February 2017)
Valentine’s Day spending driven by single men in search for love (12 February 2015)
Valentines Day, by the numbers (14 February 2013)
If girls proposed to guys (Video)
The Father’s Day spending gap: Why does mom always win? (10 May 2015)
Less spent of Father’s Day gifts than Mother’s Day gifts (6 September 2014)
Why Are Some Men Such Awkward Gift Givers? Let Them Explain (5 December 2016) USA. Talk about ‘look a gift horse in the mouth’!
Marriage and co-habitation
Although times are certainly changing, men typically remain the primary breadwinner in the family and are responsible for supporting most/all of the living expenses of their spouse and children. Woman however still typically remain in charge of making most of the decisions regarding the expenditure of household income.
New research reveals females control the household budget (27 November 2015)
‘I get a wife bonus — and I deserve it’ (29 May 2015)
Men make more, women decide how to spend it (11 May 2012)
I declare the gender pay gap to be a truly dead and gone issue (27 April 2014)
The following quote addresses the average differential between earning and spending in male/female households:
“Men earn 61.5% of all income but only account for 25% of domestic spending. Men only spend 40% of what they earn after tax. In contrast women make up 38.5% of all income but control 75% of domestic spending, women on average spend 90% more money that they earn. Men are exploited as cash machines and even with spending on children accounted for women still spend more money on themselves than the combined spending for men and children.” (Source)
Divorce/Separation, incl. spousal/partner/child support and alimony
Sources addressing the issue of spousal maintenance/alimony can be found in this other blog post, but some examples are provided below.
Rosenblum: As times change, should alimony change, too? (25 March 2016)
Afeni Shakur And Whether Or Not Men Deserve Alimony (18 March 2016) USA
Group pushes male-dominated S.C. Legislature to change permanent alimony law (1 March 2016) USA
Report: NJ woman sued for writing ‘bum’ and ‘loser’ on ex-spouse’s alimony checks (19 December 2015) More on this case in this discussion thread and linked article
Even though 37% of women earn more money than their husbands, only 3% of divorced men receive alimony (30 June 2015) Reddit discussion thread
Are Moms Less Likely Than Dads To Pay Child Support? (26 February 2015)
Divorced wife told to get a job and stop living off her ex-husband (23 February 2015)
Deadbeat moms? Should mothers be required to pay child support? (20 April 2014) and related reddit mensrights discussion thread
Jail Becomes Home for Husband Stuck With Lifetime Alimony (27 August 2013)
Why Do So Few Men Get Alimony? (20 November 2014) USA
Ex-wife of US oil baron to appeal $1 billion divorce award (13 November 2014)
Veteran chooses jail over giving his disability money to ex-wife (17 September 2014)
Alimony is broken – But let’s not fix it (1 September 2014)
Cost of education (including the effect of availability of financial support via government or university grants or discounts for example)
Sydney University defends new scholarship that favours men as ‘consistent with diversity’ (8 February 2017) Feminists lose it when a uni faculty applies same logic to attract more male students – cry ‘sexism!’
Storm over Shami’s £500,000 to help girls get degrees … (4 January 2017) UK
Women in MBA Scholarship: 30 full rides. There are no men in biology or men in elementary education scholarships (23 September 2016) Australia
VCAT green light will let Ivanhoe Grammar School offer more places to girls (11 August 2016) Australia
“The decision [to escape provisions of sex discrimination legislation] will allow Ivanhoe Grammar to target female students in its advertising and to offer sweeteners to attract girls, including “scholarship and bursary assistance”.”
UN Women National Committee Australia MBA Scholarship (April 2016) Just one example – how many more like this?
There are four times as many scholarships for females as there are for males (28 February 2016) Reddit discussion thread and linked article
“It would be bad enough that men are continuously shamed for earning more than women, and told that because women get better grades in easier subjects, that women are more intelligent (SourceFed, 2014) or motivated (Lewin, 2006). However, women are also given disproportionate financial aid to attend college, even though they are now a sizeable majority of college students compared to men. While data is difficult to find, using the University of Oklahoma as an anecdotal example, in 2007 women received 78% of scholarships, and between the years of 2008 -2013 women received 89%, 77%, 68%, 94%, 92%, and 100% respectively (OU SLIS, 2013).
Government grants are another major source of funding for women wishing to attend college. There are numerous resources available created specifically for women (Scholarships for Women), but none specifically for men, unless you count athletic scholarships, which are a sticking point with Feminist activists who resent that female athletics lose money while male athletics make money for colleges (Bloomberg News, 2011). It seems fans aren’t interested in paying to watch female athletes perform at the level of a male high school junior varsity team. However, if you put athletics aside, and focus only on the resources available to help men obtain college degrees, those resources are sorely lacking, while money is being thrown at women who are wasting it on Liberal Arts degrees instead of STEM.” (Source)
Scholarship discrimination (7 December 2015) Reddit discussion thread
How the Australian Research Council promotes gender equality … by providing “at least two named Australian Laureate Fellowships targeted at outstanding women researchers” (2015) None for men
Verizon donation makes STEM summer camp for girls free of charge (20 November 2015)
Supporting women scholarships (February 2015) Australia. How many men-only scholarships are offered? My guess is ‘none’
4x as Many Scholarships for Women — a Disadvantage for Men? (27 February 2013)
Student Loans Help Women More than Men in Reaching Graduation (21 February 2013)
Men ‘pay £101 more’ for car insurance than women (13 January 2017) UK
Differences in insurance costs (29 June 2016) Reddit discussion thread
The benefits gap — a cursory analysis of US social security (OASI) and disability insurance (DI) (28 October 2014) A Reddit discussion thread
Canada’s Insurance Rates: Men vs. Women (17 January 2012)
2014/15 – the income tax gender gap increased again… to £75.5 BILLION (24 March 2017) UK
Men use retirement money 3x less but pay the same retirement taxes (5 March 2017) Reddit discussion thread
Only men pay taxes (8 October 2016) Video
Research finds that as a group, only men pay tax (10 August 2016)
The ‘Pole Tax’ on men is why I’m not voting tomorrow (6 May 2015) U.K
Women’s share of income tax payments declines (2011/12 v 2010/11) (20 August 2014)
Are women paying 60% less income tax than men? (8 February 2013)
In western countries men contribute most to the Government’s collection of income tax, but this feminist scholar thinks that women shouldn’t be taxed at all.
The discrepancy between the amount of tax revenue contributed by men, and the extent of government funding for issues affecting men/boys is addressed in this other blog post.
The Female Economy
Men or Women: Who Has the Most Buying Power and Why? (13 March 2014)
Articles that address other gender-based expenditure/cost/revenue differentials
The Travel Insurance Company Tackling Australia’s Gender Pay Gap (15 February 2017)
“Equal Pay is Not Enough”, says violent feminist ad for overpriced shoes complaining that women pay more for things (25 January 2017) Video with related Reddit discussion thread here.
About a company that operates lounges at conferences and to promote equality, men are charged more for refreshments based on the gender pay gap (18 January 2017) Reddit discussion thread with linked article.
Female scientists with young children offered extra $10,000 annually to stay on at Brisbane Institute (17 December 2016) Australia
Swiss parliament rejects paternity leave plea (27 April 2016)
Give Your Money To Women: The End Game of Capitalism (10 August 2015)
Why Do Women Have More Credit Card Debt Than Men? (28 June 2015)
“Bring it on” – Says Fitness center illegally charging men more for membership in the UK when complaints are raised (9 April 2015) Reddit mensrights discussion thread. And here’s how that story eventually played out.
Goldman Sachs 10,000 Women program Financial support for entrepreneurs (males need not apply)
Elsewhere in this blog you might be interested in:
Australian taxpayer-funded organisations that do little/nothing for men (other than demonising them) which is relevant here in relation to the gross imbalance between what men contribute in tax versus what the state subsequently invests in agencies/programs supporting men & boys